jueves, 20 de febrero de 2014

Obesity and health risks

A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2004 shows how bariatric surgery can improve the following co-morbidities:

Type 2 diabetes was improved significantly in 86% of patients and resolved in 76% of patients.
High Blood Pressure was improved in 78% of patients and resolved in 61%.
High cholesterol levels were reduced in over 70% of patients.
Sleep apnea was eliminated 85% of patients.
The decision to have obesity surgery is not to be taken lightly, for us is very important to provide each patient with detailed information to determine whether they are a candidate for surgery and decide which bariatric procedure is right for them based on their individualized health history and lifestyle.

Central or Abdominal Obesity Carries Greater Health Risks

Abdominal obesity characterized by excessive visceral fat around the stomach and abdomen is one of the core symptoms of cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance syndrome.

Increased Health Risk of Premature Death

The risk of premature death rises with increasing weight. Individuals who are obese (BMI greater than 30) have a 50 to 100 percent increased risk of premature death from all causes, compared to individuals with a healthy weight.

Increased Health Risk of Heart Disease

The risk of heart attack, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina or chest pain is increased in persons who are overweight or obese. High blood pressure is twice as common in adults who are obese than in those who are at a healthy weight. Obesity is associated with high triglycerides and decreased HDL cholesterol.

Increased Health Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Over 80 percent of people with diabetes are overweight or obese. This may account for the newly invented word, “diabesity”®, which signifies the close association between obesity and diabetes.

Increased Health Risk of Cancers

Obesity is associated with an increased risk for some types of cancer including endometrial (cancer of the lining of the uterus), colon, gall bladder, prostate, kidney, and post-menopausal breast cancer.

Increased Health Risk of Fatty Liver Disease

The main cause of non alcoholic fatty liver disease is insulin resistance, a metabolic disorder in which cells become insensitive to the effect of insulin. One of the most common risk factors for insulin resistance is obesity, especially central abdominal obesity. The higher the BMI the worse the liver disease.

Increased Health Risk of Breathing Problems

Obstructive sleep apnea (that is, interrupted breathing during sleeping) is more common in obese persons.

Increased Health Risk of Arthritis

Musculoskeletal disorders, including osteoarthritis, are much more prevalent among obese patients, especially patients diagnosed with severe clinical or morbid obesity. Health studies show that obesity is a strong predictor for symptoms of osteoarthritis, especially in the knees. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with every 2-pound gain in weight.

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